Pear: All About This Tree That Can Be Used To Make Furniture

The pear tree (Pyrus) is a species that belongs to the Rosaceae family. Pear is a cherished fruit, and while some species are valued because of their edible fruit, others are grown as trees.

The fruit is rich in folate, vitamin C, potassium, and copper. And by the way, they’re also a good source of polyphenols antioxidants. Pear is a widely grown fruit in temperate regions, having two distinct origin and domestication points, from China and Asia Minor to the Middle East.

And yes! Believe it or not, but pear trees are even used to make furniture, wooden decor items, and even musical instruments for example.

Common NamePear
Botanical NamePyrus
Plant TypeA Perennial Tree
Size (Fully Grown)About 20 To 40 Feet High (About 6,1 To 12,2 Meters)
Sun ExposureFull Sun
Soil TypeWell-draining And Sandy Loam Is Best For Pear Trees
Soil pHFrom 6.0 To 7.0
Flower ColourWhitish
U.S. Hardiness ZonesDepending On The Variety, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, And 8
Native AreaChina And Middle East

How Many Pear Varieties Are There?

According to Wikipedia, there are over 3000 varieties available. But we have listed some of the most common ones below:

  1. Bosc
  2. Anjou
  3. Seckel
  4. Forelle
  5. Bartlett
  6. Comice
  7. Concorde
  8. Red Anjou
  9. Asian Pears
  10. Starkrimson
  11. Red Bartlett
  12. Green Anjou
  13. French Butter Pears

Origins And History Of The Pear Tree

The production of pears in cool temperate regions dates back to ancient times, and since prehistoric times, there is evidence of its use as a food. People have also found many signs of it around Lake Zurich in prehistoric pile dwellings.

In China, they were grown as early as 2000 BC. In all Celtic languages, the term “pear” or it’s equal appears, while different appellations, still referring to the same thing, are found in Slavic and other accents.

The Romans grew them, much like apples, and consumed the fruits raw or even cooked them. The Natural History of Pliny suggested stewing them with honey and mentioned three dozen variants. For a spiced, stewed-pear patina, or soufflé, the Roman cookbook De re coquinaria has a recipe.

A specific breed of pears, with a white bottom on their leaves’ underside, has originated from P.nivalis. Its fruit is primarily used in the production of perry in France. Other small-fruited pears can be referred to as P.cordata, a wild species in western France and southwestern England, characterized by their early ripening and apple-like fruit.

The genus is thought to have arisen in present-day Western China in the Tian Shan’s foothills, a Central Asian mountain range, and to have spread along mountain chains to the north and south, emerging into a diverse group of over 20 primary species that are widely recognized.

Undoubtedly, the enormous number of cultivated European varieties are derived from one or two wild subspecies, widely distributed across Europe and often part of the forest’s natural vegetation.

What Does The Pear Tree Look Like?

The common tree is broad-headed and, at maturity, up to 43 feet (about 13 meters) high. The trees live relatively long (50 to 75 years) and can reach a significant size unless the grower carefully prunes them. Physical description of the pear tree and fruit is as follows:

Leaves

Simultaneously, like the flowers around one inch (about 2,5 cm) wide and typically white, the roundish to oval, leathery leaves emerge, somewhat wedge-shaped at their bases.

Flowers

Pear flowers are generally white or pink and have five petals and sepals.

Fruit

The fruits are usually sweeter and smoother in texture and are marked by hard cells in the flesh, the so-called grit, or stone cells. Generally speaking, the fruits are elongated, narrow at the end of the stem, and broader at the opposite end.

The fruit is rich in folate, vitamin C, potassium, and copper. They’re also a good source of polyphenols antioxidants.

Best Growing Conditions For The Pear Tree

Most trees grow well in hardiness zones from 4 to 8, although some can even grow in zone 3. But knowing only about hardiness zones won’t assure that you can grow a prospering pear tree. So, let’s dive deeper and find out what other things the tree needs to produce high-quality fruits.

Temperature

The best kind of climate for the pear tree is wet and cold. Not cold like freezing cold, but one that lets the plant receive temperatures below 45°F (about 7°C). Temperatures like this mean that the plant can produce fruits and develop properly.

That’s just a recommendation, and you shouldn’t get scared of that what I said before. This is because they can still withstand temperatures as low as -15°F (about -26°C) when it’s dormant but also as high as 113°F (about 45°C) during the growing season.

Soil And Sun

The best way to grow your tree is to plant it in light, well-draining soil. For example, a sandy loam is excellent. The soil’s pH needs to be somewhere between 6 to 7 for the plant to grow well.

The tree can grow in heavier soils, especially if you live in a warm climate, but if that’s the case, then it’s good to amend it with compost and moistened peat moss if your soil is thick clay.

Pear trees love to grow in a spot that gets plenty of sunlight. So, try to choose a location that ensures at least six to eight hours of sunlight. Before you plant the tree, remember to dig the hole deep and big enough so that you can add some compost into the hole.

Water And Fertilizer

The watering needs of your pear tree depend on whether you planted it in light soil or clay. If it grows in light or sandy soil, water it twice a week. Suppose there’s clay sitting under your tree, water once a week.

Newly planted trees need about a gallon (almost 4 liters) of water per week to grow well. It doesn’t matter whether that water comes from irrigation, rainfall, or a combination of the two. To determine if the tree needs water, feel the soil around the trunk 6-10 inches (15-25 cm) deep. This way, you’ll get a sense of whether you need water.

Especially the first year is when your tree will need plenty of nitrogen, so remember to use fertilizers that are high in that nutrient. After the first year, using a fertilizer with an NPK content of 13-13-13 is an excellent choice. But it’s important to remember that your tree might not need any fertilizers, so if the tree looks healthy, it might not be necessary to use any fertilizers.

Is it Safe to Eat / Consume Pears?

As we all know, pears are a great fruit to eat because they’re high in vitamin C, K, copper, and even fiber. But are they still safe to eat if you have some medical condition or even growing a baby in your tummy? Let’s find out!

Pregnant And Breastfeeding Women

Pears are high in their nutritional value, plus they are low on calories. That’s a fantastic thing! But, if you do not intend to peel it, remember to wash it well before eating it.

Children

Pears are an excellent plant to introduce to your baby once that person is old enough to eat solid foods, an age that is usually six months. You can do this by offering cooked pears, which are way softer than raw ones. And once your baby is one year old, go ahead and let them taste raw ones, but it would still be best if you cut them into smaller pieces to avoid any choking hazards.

People With Allergies

You might be surprised to hear that the proteins that many foods contain change once we cook them, and this is also the case with this fruit. What this means is that you might still eat cooked ones if you have an allergy to them.

Try to remember that if you are allergic to pears, try to avoid other pollen-foods like carrots, hazelnut, apples, peaches, and other pitted fruits.

But because I don’t want to scare you to stay away from pears, keep in mind that an allergy to this plant is extremely rare.

People With Diabetes

Pears are a tasty plant, and their benefits are outstanding. Many reports surprisingly show that eating them will help you control your diabetes. Best of all, the plant also has a low glycemic level, so eating it won’t raise your blood sugar levels that much.

Pets

The good news is that your pets are permitted to eat pears. But remember that the seeds contain traces of cyanide. So before you offer them to your pet, cut them into bite-size chunks, and always remove the pit and seeds first.

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