The water used in the external area is 30% of the total consumption of the house, and that number can rise even more in drier regions. If you water your garden, you will use more water, which translates to increased monthly water bills. That’s why it’s important to use gardening methods that save water!
Contrary to the ideas conceived by lovers of gardening and green spaces, having a garden or any other green area in your home doesn’t mean that you will have to spend a lot of water for this to happen. This is because, if the gardens are correctly cared for, you can use less water!
In this post, we’ll give you ten tips on conserving water in your garden, which is essential to ensure you minimize your water bills. Read on!
1. Choose The Suitable Soil And Prepare It For Drought
Some soils store water longer than others. So start by transforming your garden through the ground. The more organic material there is in the soil, the more water it can absorb and store for your plants over time.
To improve your garden soil, use compost with earthworms, fallen leaves, leftover grass from the yard, or organic compost with leftover food. These organic materials keep more moisture in the soil, prevent premature evaporation, and you have to use less water.
2. Organize Your Garden
We also like the look of a spontaneous garden, with shrubs and flowers placed naturally and without too much criterion. But if you need to save water in the garden, maybe it’s best to start organizing your plants.
Group vegetation with the same "thirst" so that you can recognize the needs of each section of your garden. By doing this, you will not unnecessarily waste a precious resource on plants that do not need it or vice versa.
3. Remove The Weeds
We know that removing weeds is a rather tedious job, but your garden will benefit greatly, and it’s also an aesthetic improvement. These weeds need water to survive, and neglecting their presence only end up stealing the precious resource, also increasing your water bill.
Fortunately, you can eradicate most weeds by hand with a tool (such as a small spade) or, in extreme cases, kill them with a herbicide.
4. Watering Well
Watering correctly is the guarantee to save as much water as possible. There’s no need to water your plants too often. They will not enjoy it and, in the worst-case scenario, may even die. Also, it is better to add more significant amounts of water every four to five days instead of shallow watering every day.
Also, remember to water at the base of each plant to save as much water as possible. There is no need to sprinkle the plants everywhere and anyhow. You risk wetting their leaves, which we know are sensitive to diseases and the proliferation of fungi.
5. Have The Most Suitable Species For Your Garden Type
One of the best tips for saving water in the garden is to choose native species adapted to your region’s climate and know which plants are suitable for your garden. This may help them adapt perfectly to the environment and rains that may arise, which means they don’t need extra watering.
Also, try to choose plants from arid regions, plants like succulents and cacti, as they have structures and specialized ways to save water and need little water to maintain their total capacity.
6. Plant Trees
Trees are responsible for shading the garden and other green spaces, thereby reducing the temperature. When you establish them well, they practically don’t need watering because they can find the water they need with their extensive root system.
The water obtained from the transformation of the trees is then part of the environmental humidity that favors the formation of rain clouds. Besides creating shade, trees are essential to have in a garden when trying to save water.
The only downside of having trees in your garden is that they use a lot of water, which means that they may use some of the water pointed for your garden plants. Also, because they have many leaves that tend to use all the sunlight they can get, it's probably not wise to grow other sun-loving plants close to giant trees.
7. Use Mulch In Your Garden
Another way to conserve water is to use mulch. This practice consists of spreading it, made up of different materials such as leaves, straw, or bark, at the base of the plants.
By mulching, your plantations will consume 40% less water! The system is simple: by protecting the soil from direct sunlight, the mulch reduces the temperature and maintains humidity for longer. Besides preventing the soil from drying out, mulching prevents weed growth and protects plants from frost.
8. Invest In Water-saving Irrigation Systems
Thousands of water-saving products try to catch the attention of modern-day gardeners, but spending money on your garden rarely affects water consumption. But, some products can help you save money. A drip irrigation system is highly efficient, as it exactly directs the drops of water to where they are supposed to go.
Another good alternative is a perforated hose, which slowly releases water at the floor level to eliminate waste and evaporation.
9. Make The Grass In Your Yard And Garden Shorter
Cutting the grass that decorates your yard can also save water. Short grass will make it easier to irrigate and give the main plant more opportunity to extend its roots in the soil. This makes the plants more independent in finding water sources available in the ground.
10. Practice Hoeing
Hoeing is the action of turning the earth lightly and shallowly. A fundamental gesture of gardening, the ground is then more porous, and the plants get water better. This will limit the evaporation of moisture from the soil and reduce watering.
Ok, now that you know how to conserve water in your garden, let’s find an answer to some popular questions people often ask us.
When Should You Water Your Garden To Save Water?
Water more in the morning or the evening. Watering at the very beginning of the day or in the evening reduces water evaporation because the soil is less hot. Plants capture more water and are thus more resistant to the heat of the day.
During the warmer months, you should keep in mind that the water evaporates much more quickly and easily. So you have to pay extra attention not to let the plants dehydrate.
What Plants Grow Well With Less Water?
To save on your water expenditure in the garden, you need plants that don’t need a lot of water. These are plants that are capable of withstanding prolonged periods of drought without dying or suffering damage. Examples of such plants are?
The hibiscus is easy to take care of. Its flowers are charming and have different colors. They are not demanding when it comes to the type of soil they are growing in. They can grow well even with occasional rains and watering, and you can grow them in full sun or half shade.
The flowering of the plant is long-lasting and appears in late winter or early spring. The plant doesn’t need pruning, but you might need to remove any dry branches if you plant it in a pot.
Lavender grows well with little water, lots of light, and when it grows in well-draining soil. Aromatic and beautiful, the plant needs a lot of watering only at the beginning of its growth, which is necessary to do daily at this stage.
After the plant is established, you only need to water it every two days when the weather is warm and once a week when the weather is cooler.
Carnation is another plant option that doesn’t need a lot of water. It can withstand high temperatures and need a lot of sunlight and soil rich in organic matter. Water only once in 7 to 10 days, and do not wet the leaves so they don’t rot.
4. Pine Tree
There are also large plants that are highly resistant to drought. An excellent example of this type of plant is a pine tree. This genus is almost ubiquitous throughout the world, so you can easily find a local species adapted to your climate.
How Can You Reuse Home Water For Gardening?
When we talk about reusing water for gardening, it’s because this has a very well-founded explanation. A lot of water goes to waste, which we could use in our gardens. Some of the best practices for reusing home water for gardening are:
1. Use Your Shower Water
When we shower or bathe, it’s common that we keep the shower open and wait for the water to warm enough. To avoid this waste, a good idea is to place a bucket under the shower to collect the cold water you can later use to water your garden plants.
2. Reuse “Gray Water” In Your Garden
The water you use to wash your clothes, for example, can be used to water your garden. Remember to make sure that it doesn’t contain chlorine or soap that isn’t biodegradable.
3. Reuse Your Kitchen Water
When you wash your veggies, it’s common to pour the excess water down the sink. Instead, you can save and use it to water your garden, thus saving a large amount of water effortlessly.
4. Bathing Your Pets In The Garden
If you bathe your pet in the house, bear in mind that an efficient and appropriate way to do it is on top of land that may need this resource. And the garden is the ideal setting as the water will flow to the ground, which will help your crops grow.
Ok, now you know how to conserve water in your garden. If you don’t change your relationship with water, you will continue to spend more and more on your water bills. But once you put these new water conservation gardening habits into practice, you will save a lot of water and money in the long run.
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